Mus_musculusFamily: GTP_EFTU_D3 Number of Genes: 6
Ensembl IDSymbolEntrez IDRBD RBPome PRIExpresion PathwayPhenotype ParalogOrthologGO



Elongation factor Tu consists of three structural domains, this is the third domain. This domain adopts a beta barrel structure. This the third domain is involved in binding to both charged tRNA [1] and binding to EF-Ts PF00889 [2].


Translation elongation factors are responsible for two main processes during protein synthesis on the ribosome [PUBMED:12762045, PUBMED:15922593, PUBMED:12932732]. EF1A (or EF-Tu) is responsible for the selection and binding of the cognate aminoacyl-tRNA to the A-site (acceptor site) of the ribosome. EF2 (or EF-G) is responsible for the translocation of the peptidyl-tRNA from the A-site to the P-site (peptidyl-tRNA site) of the ribosome, thereby freeing the A-site for the next aminoacyl-tRNA to bind. Elongation factors are responsible for achieving accuracy of translation and both EF1A and EF2 are remarkably conserved throughout evolution.


  1. Nissen P, Kjeldgaard M, Thirup S, Polekhina G, Reshetnikova L, Clark BF, Nyborg J; , Science 1995;270:1464-1472.: Crystal structure of the ternary complex of Phe-tRNAPhe, EF-Tu, and a GTP analog. PUBMED:7491491 EPMC:7491491 .

  2. Wang Y, Jiang Y, Meyering-Voss M, Sprinzl M, Sigler PB; , Nat Struct Biol 1997;4:650-656.: Crystal structure of the EF-Tu.EF-Ts complex from Thermus thermophilus. PUBMED:9253415 EPMC:9253415.