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This is a family of Glu-tRNAGln amidotransferase C subunits. The Glu-tRNA Gln amidotransferase enzyme itself is an important translational fidelity mechanism replacing incorrectly charged Glu-tRNAGln with the correct Gln-tRANGln via transmidation of the misacylated Glu-tRNAGln . This activity supplements the lack of glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase activity in gram-positive eubacterteria, cyanobacteria, Archaea, and organelles .
This entry includes the C subunit of the bacterial/archaeal aspartyl/glutamyl-tRNA(Asn/Gln) amidotransferases (known as GatC) and eukaryotic Glu-tRNAGln amidotransferases.