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This family of proteins are components of the exosome 3'->5' exoribonuclease complex. The exosome mediates degradation of unstable mRNAs that contain AU-rich elements (AREs) within their 3' untranslated regions .
Exosome is a complex of 3' --> 5' exoribonucleases that play a major role in diverse RNA processing and degradation pathways. The eukaryotic exosome complex contains 9 proteins. Six RNase PH domain containing proteins (Rrp41, Rrp42, Rrp43, Rrp45, Rrp46, and Mtr3) form a catalytic ring, three RNA binding domain containing proteins (Rrp4,Rrp40, and Csl4) bind on top of the ring [PUBMED:17174896].
Chen CY, Gherzi R, Ong SE, Chan EL, Raijmakers R, Pruijn GJ, Stoecklin G, Moroni C, Mann M, Karin M; , Cell. 2001;107:451-464.: AU binding proteins recruit the exosome to degrade ARE-containing mRNAs. PUBMED:11719186 EPMC:11719186.